Starting the Engine
Below 0°C (32°F)
Perform steps 1 through 11 for 'Above 00C
Turn the start switch to START.
Inject starting aid (ether), only while cranking the engine.
Use sparingly, excessive ether can cause piston and ring
Use ether for cold starting purposes only.
After cranking begins, PUSH the ether start
control switch and release; U-se additional ether every
two seconds until the engine is running smoothly.
Do not crank the engine for more than 30 seconds.
Allow the starter motor to cool for 2 minutes before
To prevent battery discharge, turn the disconnect switch
OFF when the engine is stopped.
For starting below -18oC (OOF), use of optional cold
starting aids are recommended. Heating of coolant
and/or use of extra battery capacity may be required.
- 15F to - 40°F (- 26°C to - 40"C)
Idle the engine rather than shutting it down
at temperatures under- - 20°F (- 23°C).
Starting fluid, glow plugs (if equipped) and
preheating of coolant are required.
An external power source, or a heated
battery compartment, will be required, if the
battery is not fully charged. Where an
external power source is used, provide
permanent booster cables to prevent arcing
at the battery terminals. Exercise the vehicle
for a minimum of 30 minutes before normal
Below - 40°F (- 40°C)
It is necessary that the engine be idled, or
kept in a heated area, since starting cannot
be assured at these temperatures. If this is
not done, preheat the coolant and oil for 4 to
temperature, a battery cell temperature and
an oil temperature of a least 0°F (- 180C)
before trying to start. A heated battery
compartment or an external power source
will be required.